guide to reporting child abuse philippines child protection program

How to Report Child Abuse in the Philippines

Child abuse is one of the areas the Department of Social Welfare and Development addresses through their various services and programs. Under the DSWD’s Child Protective Services and Therapy Services for Abused Children, minors experiencing all kinds of abuse can receive help and support from the government.

Also Read: What is DSWD Reception and Study Center for Children (RSCC)?

However, one of the challenges for victims or even concerned people is reporting cases of abuse. How exactly can someone do this? When reporting child abuse, are there any things you should remember? Here’s everything you need to know about reporting child abuse to DSWD.

guide to reporting child abuse philippines child protection program

Child Abuse in the Philippines

Despite the increasing number of people becoming aware of children’s rights, there are still child abuse cases in various countries. In the Philippines, for instance, the number of cases of child abuse reported by the DSWD in the first quarter of 2016 reached 2,147. Out of these, 539 were categorized as sexual abuse. Other types of complaints included neglect, which had a total of 506 cases, and abandonment, which had a total of 487 cases. Trafficking was also prevalent, with a total of 231 cases.

Due to the alarming number of abuse reported on social media cases, various agencies, such as the DSWD, were able to respond to these cases.

In addition to using social media, the DSWD also urged the public to step up their efforts in reporting instances of child abuse.

Different Types of Child Abuse

One of the most hideous acts that can be carried out against a child is child abuse, and it often affects the child’s future. This is a prevalent problem that people have failed to recognize. Various types of child abuse can be carried out.

The act or inaction of failing to do something to a child under the age of 16 could be considered child abuse. It could cause immediate harm to the child or leave a lasting impression on them. The term abuse refers to the intentional or negligent maltreatment of a child, and it can sometimes lead to fatal consequences.

Various countries have enacted laws aimed at fighting child abuse. It is a serious offense that involves the sexual, physical, or mental mistreatment of a child. Other forms of child abuse include leaving a kid in a state of neglect and abandonment.

The abuse can be carried out in various ways, and it can happen in places where children interact with others. It can cause long-lasting wounds on the child’s body and mind.

And to further distinguish the difference between physical, mental, and sexual abuse, we must first understand what each means.

Physical Abuse

Physical abuse is a type of punishment that a child can receive from either their parents, teachers, or other individuals in order to teach them a lesson. This type of abuse usually takes place in the hopes that it will help the child behave properly. Unfortunately, most parents and teachers do not realize that it is a criminal offense and that it could have long-term consequences.

On the other hand, intentional abuse is carried out against a child in order to cause him harm. Even though cases of this type of abuse have been reported in the past, it is still hard to protect children from these types of pedopaths. Some of the signs that a child might be abused are the presence of bruises and cuts on his body, as well as being over-sensitive to minor injuries.

Mental Abuse

This type of abuse is referred to as emotional or psychological abuse. It can cause long-term harm to a child’s psyche. This type of abuse can severely affect a child’s development. It can also prevent them from properly participating in social activities.

The effects of psychological abuse can also be severe. It can lead to a child’s loss of confidence and a rise of a pessimistic outlook. Some cases of abuse show signs of extreme psychological conditions. For instance, a child may become too passive or aggressive.

Various forms of mental abuse can be carried out against a child. They can include humiliating him in front of others, comparing him to other people, not talking to him, and exposing him to animal or other cruelty. They can also happen at home or school.

Some parents who are too protective of their children may abuse them in the course of discipline. The stress or tension that they are going through may cause the parents to mistreat their kids. Mental abuse against children is not intentional. It can happen due to certain circumstances, such as the presence of an accomplice who unknowingly harms a child.

Sexual Abuse

This is when an older individual uses a child’s body for their sexual gratification. Cases of this type of abuse are reported all around the world, and the incidents are increasing at an alarming rate. Some of the acts that can be considered sexual abuse include forcing a child into sexual activity, indecent exposure of a child, and exposure or the use of them for pornography.

One of the most common types of child sexual abuse is rape. This type of abuse can cause severe physical and psychological harm to a child. It can also lead to various medical conditions, such as an underdeveloped brain and multiple internal organs damage.

The psychological effects of this type of abuse can be severe, and it can lead to a child’s loss of confidence and a rise of a pessimistic outlook. It can also cause him to develop depression and anxiety. Unfortunately, many cases of this type of abuse are not reported to the authorities. Many children who have experienced this trauma are afraid to tell their parents or other relatives.

Being able to talk about this type of abuse is very important for parents to their children. It allows them to understand what their kids are going through and prevent them from experiencing it in the future.

Child Neglect

Child neglect is a type of abuse that occurs when a parent or guardian fails to provide a child with the basic needs such as food, shelter, and hygiene. It can be caused by a variety of reasons. It can also happen due to a mental or physical condition that prevents the parent or guardian from properly caring for the child.

This type of abuse can also occur in cases where the parents are suffering from drug or alcohol addiction. Their addiction prevents them from looking after their kids.

Another common cause of child neglect is apathy or lack of concern. In many cases, poverty is the reason for the failure of parents to provide their kids with the basic needs. Neglect can also lead to emotional and physical issues. One of the most common signs of this type of abuse is the child’s bloated or skinny appearance. He may have other medical conditions such as asthma or allergies.

The psychological effects of neglect can be severe, and it can lead to various mental disorders such as depression and anxiety. The effects can also depend on the degree of the neglect that the child experienced during his childhood.

Substance Abuse

One of the most common types of child abuse is substance abuse. This type of abuse involves exposing a child to harmful substances, such as drugs, alcohol, and tobacco. It can cause the child to develop an addiction to these harmful substances, which can harm his health in the long run.

When children are exposed to substance abuse at a young age, they may develop an addiction to these harmful substances, which can lead to them becoming drug addicts or hardcore alcoholics. This type of abuse has serious legal consequences and is regarded as one of the most common types of child abuse in the country.

Child Exploitation

Exploitation is a type of criminal activity that occurs in different countries. It involves recruiting children to perform various tasks, such as performing manual labor, and in some cases, engaging in prostitution. These acts are considered to be morally and socially evil.

Exploitation can make people turn into child exploiters or anti-social elements. It’s important to remember that kids need to develop their own sense of self-esteem and study at an early age. Unfortunately, being exploited can make them susceptible to harsh situations, which can have a lasting impact on their lives.

Societal Impact

Due to the technological advancements that have occurred over the past few years, the Internet has become an incredibly easy and accessible platform for people to share their personal information. It’s also very hard to monitor the activities of individuals who are abusing children online. Some of the types of abuse that are commonly carried out on the Internet include online bullying and child pornography.

Despite the various laws that have been enacted to prevent the exploitation of children online, the Internet is still a huge world. It’s important that parents and schools monitor the activities of individuals who are abusing children.


The best way to prevent child abuse is to be aware of the signs and take action if you suspect a child is being abused. If you know or suspect a child is being abused, you should report it to the authorities immediately. In addition, parents should be educated about the signs of child abuse and how to prevent it. Finally, communities should work together to create safe environments for children and provide resources for victims of child abuse.

The DSWD’s Role in Protecting Children

The DSWD is a government agency that protects the rights of Filipinos. It is responsible for the welfare of children.

Aside from providing emergency relief, the DSWD also offers various other services to children in need, such as adoption, rehabilitation, and foster care. In recent years, the agency has been working to expand its services by partnering with other organizations and government agencies.

Aside from helping underprivileged kids, the agency also offers social protection services to children who are victims of abuse and neglect.

To prevent these types of exploitation and abuse from happening in the first place, the agency has programs and policies in place. It also provides essential services such as education, housing, and healthcare to children in the Philippines.

DSWD’s role in child protection is twofold: providing immediate assistance to those who have been abused, and implementing long-term solutions to prevent such exploitation from happening in the first place.

Penalties for Child Abuse in the Philippines

  • If a person is caught with a child under 12 years old or an older individual 10 years or younger than them in a private or public setting, they could face up to 20 years in jail and a fine of up to P500,000.
  • If they force a child to perform begging on the streets, they could face up to 20 years in prison. They could also be involved in the drug trade or other illicit activities.
  • If caught engaging in child labor, the offender could face up to six years in prison, as well as a fine of up to P400,000.
  • If they are caught making pornography shows or publications against a child under 12 years old, they could face up to life in prison. Doing so against a child 12 years old and above would result in a sentence of up to 20 years.
  • If a guardian allows their child to participate in an offensive act, that individual could be imprisoned for up to 20 years.
  • If a person is caught abusing or exploiting a child, they could face up to 20 years in prison. This type of punishment applies to all types of situations that are considered prejudicial to the child’s development.
  • A business owner who allows adults to bring minors into their establishment faces up to 12 years in prison and a fine of up to P500,000. They could also lose their license.
  • If a person is caught forcing a child to perform dangerous tasks, they could face up to 20 years in prison and a fine of up to P1 million.
  • In 2012, a law was passed that made it a crime to traffic in persons, and it provides various punishments. These include up to six years in prison for those who exploit or abuse children, and up to P100,000 for discriminating against indigenous people.
  • If a person is caught offering or forcing a child to be their companion, they could face up to six to 12 years in prison and a fine of up to P500,000. If the offender is the child’s caretaker, stepparent, or ascendant, they could get up to 20 years in jail. Parents who are found guilty could also lose their custody.

How to Report Child Abuse to DSWD

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported that about one in five children in the country is a victim of child abuse. This abuse can come in various forms, such as sexual, emotional, and physical. Unfortunately, many child abuse cases are not reported due to the lack of awareness about how to report it.

If you witness child abuse, immediately remove the child from the situation. This will allow you to gather important information about the incident, such as the identities of the involved parties and any injuries the child sustained. You should also make a note of any witnesses to the incident and any other relevant details.

Once you have this information, contact the Child Health and Intervention and Protective Service, also known as the DSWD hotline number: 734-4216.

In your report, be prepared to provide as much information as possible regarding the suspected abuser and the damaged kid. Names, residences, dates of birth, and other identifiers are included. If you choose not to press charges against the abuser, your identity will be kept private.

Other Channels to Report Child Abuse

  • The National Bureau of Investigation’s Anti-Child Abuse, Discrimination, and Exploitation Division (ACADED) can be reached at (512) 608-8231, extension 403 and (444).
  • Telephone: 927-4033 Commission on Human Rights Child Rights Center
  • Contact the nearest police station or the Philippine National Police Operation Center at (712) 8613, (722) 0540, or (724) 8749.
  • Call the nearest Provincial, City, or Regional Prosecutor at (523-8481-89), or contact the DOJ Task Force on Child Protection.
  • Council for the Protection of Children in the Local Barangay.

You will be asked to provide your personal information, such as your name, address, and details about the incident you witnessed. The DSWD then opens an investigation and provides the necessary services to the family. These include legal assistance, counseling, and temporary shelter.

It can be challenging to report child abuse, but it’s also important to remember that there are people ready to help. The DSWD has trained professionals ready to assist both the victim and the suspect.

Video: DSWD to Prioritize Child Abuse Cases in the Philippines

This YouTube video is a report on how the Department of Social Welfare (DSWD) prioritizes child abuse reports in the Philippines. It highlights the DSWD’s efforts to protect children from abuse and exploitation, including legal assistance and counseling services.

It also depicts some of the efforts taken by the DSWD to support victims of child abuse, such as constructing facilities for them to seek care and providing financial assistance to families affected by it.

Also Read: DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata: Safe House for Children Victims

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What happens after I make a report?

The DSWD will investigate your report and provide the necessary services to the family. These include shelter, legal aid, counseling, and medical assistance. In some cases, the abuser may also be charged with a crime.

2. Do I need to share my identity when making a report of child abuse?

Your identity can be kept anonymous unless you decide to press charges against the perpetrator. However, it is important to provide as much information as possible to the authorities so that they can properly investigate the situation.

3. What kind of services does DSWD provide?

DSWD offers a variety of services, including legal assistance, counseling, and temporary shelter. The organization also provides financial help to families affected by child abuse, and it may bring criminal charges against the abuser.

4. What should I do if I witness a case of child abuse?

It is important that you immediately report a case of child abuse. This can be done by calling the DSWD hotline or reporting it to the nearest police station. You can also send in information about the abuser to other authorities.

5. Are there support services available for victims and their families?

The DSWD provides various support services to domestic violence victims and their families, including financial assistance, counseling, legal aid, and temporary shelter. In some cases, the abuser may be charged with a crime. Victims and their families should seek help to cope with their experiences.

The DSWD is dedicated to protecting children in the Philippines from abuse and exploitation. Being able to report child abuse is both incredibly brave and very important. It can help save a child’s life. If you have seen or suspect that a child is being abused, please contact the authorities immediately.

6. How can I help prevent child abuse from happening?

There are various ways to prevent child abuse. One of these is by being aware of the signs of abuse, as well as being able to advocate for stronger legislation that would protect kids. Talking to your children about their safety and boundaries can also help prevent abuse.

If you witness or suspect that a child is being abused, please contact law enforcers immediately. Doing so can help create a society where no child will ever suffer in silence. This is why it’s important that all children have access to proper and loving environments.


If you have a suspicion that a child is being abused, it is important that you immediately report it to the authorities so that they can help them get the help they need. To do so, you can call the DSWD hotline or go to their website.

Being aware of the signs of abuse can help you spot it in the case that someone you know is being abused. In addition, you can also help prevent abuse by talking to other people about healthy relationships and safety. Finally, if you suspect that a loved one is being abused, you should contact the authorities so that they can provide support and investigate.

Let’s strive to ensure that our children are safe and happy in our country, and one way of doing so is by protecting them from abuse. Through the efforts of the DSWD and other government agencies, we can help ensure that children are protected from abuse. Let us not forget that they are our future and the hope of this nation!

dswd bahay tuluyan ng mga bata

DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata: Safe House for Children Victims

Many Filipinos know that the DSWD is one of the national agencies that cater to the needs of children, women and families. But not many know that there is a DSWD Bahay Tuluyan that houses abused children who are victims of violence.

Also Read: How to Apply DSWD Travel Clearance for Minors

The DSWD Bahay Tuluyan was created in response to the alarming number of cases of abuse perpetrated against minors. This is one of the agency’s initiatives to provide a safe haven for children who need it most in times of crisis. The DSWD Bahay Tuluyan is a foster home for abused children and one of the DSWD’s programs that aims to restore the rights of children who are victims of violence.

This post will offer a brief overview of the DSWD Bahay Tuluyan, its mission and its other programs. If you’re interested in learning more about the DSWD’s Bahay Tuluyan, then this post is for you.

dswd bahay tuluyan ng mga bata

What is the DSWD Bahay Tuluyan?

DSWD Bahay Tuluyan helps children who are suffering from poverty by providing them with new opportunities. It is a rehabilitation center for kids who have been victims of various types of abuse, such as neglect, sexual exploitation, and maltreatment.

The mission of Bahay Tuluyan is to prevent and respond to violence and abuse against children. It is a children’s advocacy center that upholds the rights of street kids in the Philippines.

The primary goal of the DSWD Bahay Tuluyan is to reduce the incidence of violence and child abuse. It aims to help at least 80% of the kids in its programs to become resilient. Moreover, it provides a safe environment for them and helps keep families together.

Through its various programs and activities, the center aims to promote the rights of children at the national, international, and local levels. It also engages duty-bearers and actively advocates for these rights. In addition, the organization aims to be ethical and socially responsible.

Benefits of DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata

Social Services

The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) offers a variety of social services to children in need through their Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata program. These services include providing basic necessities such as food, clothing, and shelter, as well as educational and recreational activities.

The social services offered by the program are designed to help children develop their social and emotional skills, build positive relationships, and foster a sense of belonging. DSWD is helping to create a safe and secure environment for children to grow and thrive by providing these services.

In addition, these services can help to reduce the risk of abuse and exploitation and ensure that children have the necessary resources to reach their full potential. By investing in the social services offered by Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata, we are investing in our children’s future.

Homelife Services

The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) offers a range of homelife services to children in need. These services can provide children with a safe and secure environment that is conducive to their development and growth.

Through these services, children can receive guidance, support, and care from caring adults. This can help them learn the life skills necessary for successful adulthood. Examples of these services include providing a structured home environment, helping children with their daily activities, and teaching them basic life skills such as budgeting, cooking, and cleaning.

The DSWD’s Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata program can help provide these services to children in need, ensuring they have the best possible chance of achieving a successful future.

Psychological And Psychiatric Services

DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata provides psychological and psychiatric services to help foster care children cope with their traumatic experiences. Through counseling and therapy, these children can learn to manage their emotions better and develop healthy coping skills.

The professionals at Bahay Tuluyan also provide support and guidance to help children process their experiences and find the strength to move forward. With the help of these services, children can gain a greater understanding of themselves and their needs, enabling them to lead happier, more fulfilling lives.

Spiritual Enhancement And Values Formation

The DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata offers a unique opportunity for children to experience spiritual enhancement and values formation. Through various activities and programs, the children are exposed to the spiritual realm, allowing them to learn about the importance of faith and values.

By participating in activities such as prayer, singing, and Bible study, the children are able to understand and appreciate the power of faith and the strength of values. Additionally, they are provided with guidance from staff and volunteers, allowing them to learn from their experiences and gain a deeper understanding of their faith and values.

Through this, the children are able to grow spiritually and develop a stronger sense of morality and responsibility. Ultimately, DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata offers a safe and nurturing environment for children to explore their faith and values, helping them to become more spiritually enlightened and morally responsible individuals.

Recreational And Other Socio-Cultural activities

The DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata provides a safe and secure environment for children in need. This facility offers recreational and other socio-cultural activities that can help children develop their skills and knowledge.

Through these activities, children are able to learn new things, interact with others, and discover their potential. Examples of activities that are offered include sports, arts and crafts, music and dance, and other recreational activities. These activities help children develop their physical, mental, and social skills.

Additionally, these activities also provide a platform for children to express themselves and build relationships with others. Through these activities, children can learn the importance of teamwork, cooperation, and respect. Ultimately, these activities help children become more confident and independent individuals.

Skills Training Activities

DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata offers a variety of skills training activities to help children develop important life skills. These activities are designed to help children develop problem-solving, communication, and teamwork skills. For example, children can learn how to create a budget, build a business plan, and work in a group.

In addition, they can participate in activities such as cooking, gardening, and painting. These activities can help children develop their creativity, imagination, and ability to work with others. By participating in these activities, children can gain valuable knowledge and experience that can help them in the future.

Legal Services

The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata provides legal services to help protect the rights of children. These services include providing legal advice and representation, helping to locate a child’s birth parents, and filing petitions to gain legal guardianship of a child. In addition, the legal services offered by the DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata can help children in cases of abuse, exploitation, and neglect.

By providing these services, the DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata ensures that children’s rights are respected and upheld. Furthermore, it provides a safe and secure environment for children to grow and develop in. This is a vital benefit of the DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata, as it ensures that the most vulnerable members of society are protected and allowed to thrive.

Aftercare And Follow-Up Services

The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata provides aftercare and follow-up services to ensure that the children admitted to the facility are well taken care of and provided with the necessary support for a successful transition to their new lives.

Aftercare services include providing children with medical, psychological, educational, and social support. Follow-up services involve monitoring the children’s progress and providing additional support to ensure that they can successfully transition to their new lives.

These services are designed to ensure that the children can adjust to their new environment, build healthy relationships, and become self-sufficient. With the help of DSWD Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata, these children can look forward to a brighter future.


Bahay Tuluyan provides residential care for ladies aged 5 to 17. These are survivors who were victims:

Sexual Abuse – Victims or survivors of rape, incest, lascivious practices, or sexual exploitation for profit, money, or any other consideration, or as a result of the pressure or influence of any adult, group, or syndicate.

Abandonment – A child whose parents have abandoned or abandoned them.

Neglect – the child received insufficient care and attention.

Physical Abuse or Maltreatment – These girls have been subjected to cruel, inhumane, or denial of basic needs, which hinders their physical development.


Only female victims-survivors of sexual abuse, abandonment, neglect, physical abuse, or mistreatment will be admitted if they meet the following criteria:

  • Safe from any contagious or infectious diseases;
  • Does not suffer from any mental illness;
  • Comes from any of the municipalities or provinces

Has the following documents:

  • Social Case Study Report
  • Referral letter
  • Medical Certificate
  • Birth Certificate

Video: Bahay Tuluyan Manila

The first time Bahay Tuluyan had a place to call its own was on the 11th of November 2011. This day marked the opening of ‘A Home of Our Own’ in Manila, composed of three parts.

The Sinag Center is an emergency shelter for up to 24 children in need of special protection, it also provides baths, plays, rests and social services.

The Drop-In Center is a place where children living or working on the street can take a bath, play, rest, eat and access social services such as education programs. The ‘Play Club’ bridge classroom for out-of-school children to transition back into formal education; as well as offering a space for seminars or conferences.

The Makabata Guesthouse & Cafe is a social enterprise and youth training program that currently employs about 20 young people who gain valuable skills while at the same time generating income to sustain Bahay Tuluyan & themselves by offering accommodation services and cafe food products.

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Does the DSWD Organization Have A Process For Selecting Volunteers?

Before accepting a volunteer to Bahay Tuluyan, they thoroughly screen them. They also reserve the right to refuse them at any time.

2. How to Apply As A Volunteer?

If you want to volunteer, fill out the volunteer profile form and attach it together with your résumé and police clearance. Send the required files to the DSWD Bahay Tuluyan center by email. 

3. How Long Do Volunteers Typically Stay?

Although volunteers are generally allowed to stay for a certain amount of time, the organization will only allow them to stay for a maximum of 4 weeks or 3 months if they are only part-time. It can be a bit challenging for volunteers to get used to the culture and lifestyle of the organization. Still, they will eventually become more valuable as they get used to the environment.

4. What Kind Of Activities Do Volunteers Typically Do?

Volunteers are needed to help with various tasks at Bahay Tuluyan, and their skills and interests vary depending on the organization. They are not expected to perform primary responsibilities, such as running the programs. Instead, they help the staff and local youth volunteers perform their duties more effectively.

This means that volunteers would be expected to help with various tasks, such as the development of new modules, the leading of capacity-building activities, and special initiatives that require additional manpower. They have also been involved in various other activities, such as creating business strategies, training staff members, and gardening.

5. Are they Working With Volunteers Who Operate Independently?

In order to meet the needs of its various projects, Bahay Tuluyan relies on the help of volunteers from various organizations. The number of individuals needed varies depending on the project’s current status and the available staff members.


The DSWD’s Bahay Tuluyan ng mga Bata is a vital program for protecting and nurturing the welfare of vulnerable children. It is a testament to the power of collective action when it comes to doing good and making a positive difference in the lives of those who need it most.

We should all strive to contribute to the cause in whatever way we can, whether it be through donations, volunteering, or simply spreading awareness.

Ultimately, it is through our collective efforts that we can make a real difference in the lives of these children and ensure that they have the love and support they need to thrive. What can you do to make a difference?


How to Apply DSWD Solo Parent ID / Single Parent Application Form

The DSWD Solo Parent ID is a government-issued identification card that solo parents can use to avail of certain benefits and privileges. To be eligible for the ID, solo or single parents must have primary custody of their child/children and must be registered with the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD). The ID is valid for one year and can be renewed upon expiration.

According to the Philippines Solo Parents Welfare Act RA 8972, the Solo Parent ID entitles its holders to a number of benefits, including support from the government and entitled leave benefits. These leaves can be used for attending to their child’s needs or for taking care of themselves in times of illness.

Also read: How to Apply DSWD Travel Clearance for Minors

An identification card for single parents, known as a solo parent ID, is a government-issued document that provides a variety of benefits to both the individual and their household. These include access to discounted public transport and various discounts at various businesses.

A study conducted by the WHO and a local institute revealed that there are about 14 million solo parents in the Philippines. This figure can be attributed to various reasons, such as death, abandonment, or being unmarried. These individuals face many challenges and come from different backgrounds. Here’s what you need to know about the solo parent ID.

how to apply dswd solo parent id single parent application

What is a solo parent ID?

The solo parent ID is an identification card issued by the government of the Philippines for single parents who are not married. It provides benefits to both the individual and their household in recognition of their circumstances.

The main purpose of this document is to help these individuals overcome difficulties in gaining access to certain services and facilities due to their status as single parents or guardians without a partner.

Also Read: List of DSWD Programs, Projects and Services

RA 8972 Solo Parents Welfare Act

RA 8972 was signed into law on November 7, 2000, and took effect on November 28, 2000. Its implementing rules and regulations (IRR) were approved in April 2022.

Benefits of a Solo Parent in the Philippines

According to RA 8972, single parents who have been employed by their companies for at least one year are entitled to an additional seven days of paid annual leave.

Additional leaves are non-cumulative and not convertible to cash. Employees who are sole parents may only take parental leave under the following conditions:

  • Attend to personal milestones of their children (birthday, graduation, etc.)
  • Perform parental obligations such as enrollment and attendance in school programs
  • Attend to the medical, social, spiritual, and recreational needs of their children
  • Other similar circumstances

Other benefits of working as a solo parent include flexibility in scheduling and the absence of workplace discrimination, which are common issues for single parents.

Single parents with income below the poverty threshold of NEDA can receive additional benefits, such as housing, medical assistance, and scholarships. These are among the many programs that help low-income families.

Also Read: How to Apply DSWD Solo Parent Assistance Cash Aid


Are You Qualified to Get a Solo Parent ID?

Solo Parent ID is a government identification for any single parent in the Philippines. Section 3 of Republic Act No. 8972 or the Solo Parents’ Welfare Act of 2000 classifies solo parents as:

1. A woman who gives birth as a result of rape and other crimes against chastity even without a final conviction of the offender: Provided, That the mother keeps and raises the child;

2. A parent left solo or alone with the responsibility of parenthood due to the following circumstances:

  • Due to the death of a spouse
  • The spouse is detained or is serving a sentence for a criminal conviction for at least one (1) year
  • Physical and/or mental incapacity of spouse as certified by a public medical practitioner
  • Legal separation or de facto separation from spouse for at least one (1) year, as long as he/she is entrusted with the custody of the children
  • Declaration of nullity or annulment of marriage as decreed by a court or by a church as long as he/she is entrusted with the custody of the children

3. Unmarried mother/father who has preferred to keep and rear her/his child/children instead of having others care for them or give them up to a welfare institution.

4. Any other person who solely provides parental care and support to a child or children.

5. Any family member who assumes the responsibility of the head of the family as a result of the death, abandonment, disappearance, or prolonged absence of the parents or solo parent.

The benefits of a solo parent will stop if their status as per R.A. 8972 changes. These include when they no longer have custody of the kid or are no longer responsible for the child.

Similarly, if a single parent gets married or changes their status in marriage, then the solo parent’s eligibility and rights will be revoked.

solo parent ID requirements qualifications benefits single parents

What are the Requirements for Solo Parent ID?

Before applying for a Solo Parent ID card, make sure you have the following documents with you:

  1. Barangay Certificate – You can get a barangay certificate at your Barangay Hall. This certificate will prove that you have been a resident in your barangay for at least six months and to confirm your status as a single parent. Bring cash for the processing fee and a valid government-issued ID to prove your residential address.
  2.  PSA Birth Certificate of your child/children – A PSA Birth Certificate can be obtained online or in person at any PSA office near you
  3. Proof of Financial Status – present an Income Tax Return (ITR) as proof of your financial status. You can get it through your company’s HR Department or through the BIR. Alternatively, you can obtain a certification stating your income from the municipal or barangay treasurer.
  4. Certification from Barangay Captain– Get this document from the Barangay Hall where you reside. The certificate must indicate your status as a solo parent.
  5. Application Form – The social welfare and development office in your city or province should have a copy of this form. Fill out the required information and attach a one 2×2 ID photo.
  6. Supporting Documents/Certificates – Submit the supporting documents such as a Declaration of Nullity of Marriage, Certificate of No Marriage (CENOMAR), death certificate of spouse, or medical certificate as proof of mental capacity if incapacitated, Jail Records/Certificate of Detention, or a VAWC Report in case of abandonment.

Procedure: How to Process Solo Parent ID from DSWD

Once you have all the necessary documentation, follow these easy steps to apply for a Solo Parent ID:

Step 1. Go to DSWD Office

Visit the nearest DSWD office or visit their website to learn how you can apply for a Solo Parent ID. Some LGUs offer an online application where you can upload your documents and schedule an assessment appointment from any internet-connected device. If your local government offers this option, check it out to save time and money.

Step 2. Submit the Required Documents

To have your application processed, you must submit all the required documents to a DSWD social worker. They will assess your circumstances and determine if you are eligible to receive a Solo Parent ID.

Step 3. Wait for the Result of the Evaluation

It will take approximately 30 days to complete the screening and review of your application.

Step 4. Claim your Solo Parent ID

After your application has been approved, you will be advised on how to claim your Solo Parent ID. You can obtain the ID at the DSWD office, where you submitted your application.

Video: Filipino Single Parent ID Basic Requirements and Benefits – Solo Parents Welfare Act RA 8972

Interested to know how to apply for a Solo Parent’s ID? Here are the basic requirements and benefits of this government-issued ID. Learn about this simple process and some tips on how to make it a smooth and quick process.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are the most frequently asked questions about the benefits of being a solo parent and the Solo Parent ID:

1. Is a Solo Parent ID accepted as a valid ID?

The Solo Parent ID is not accepted as a form of government identification by some banks and other institutions, because it is considered more of a privilege than an entitlement. But a Solo Parent ID card is accepted as a valid form of identification when applying for civil service exams and national ID cards.

2. How long must I wait before receiving my Solo Parent ID?

According to the DSWD, you may have to wait up to 30 days from the date of your submission if your application is not processed immediately.

3. What is the validity of the Solo Parent ID?

The ID card is valid for one year and provides its holder with benefits during that time period.

4. Can I Renew a Solo Parent ID?

You can renew your solo parent ID card at the DSWD office in your municipality or LGU office when it expires.

5. Is there a tax break for single parents?

No, single parents are not eligible for tax exemption. However, a valid Solo Parent ID entitles them to a 10% discount on basic necessities such as milk and medicines.

6. Is the Solo Parent ID only for working parents?

No, under the Solo Parents Welfare Act of 2000 (Republic Act No. 8972), any working or unemployed parent who meets the requirements will be eligible for a Solo Parent ID Card.

7. Are single parents eligible for maternity leave?

Yes. It shall cover 105 days of paid maternity leave for live births, with an additional 15 days granted to single parents as stipulated by R.A. No 8972 and the possibility to extend this up to 30 extra without pay.

8. Who is the head of the family?

Any family member who assumes the responsibility of head of household as a result of one or both parents dying, abandoning their children, disappearing for an extended period of time or being away from home for other reasons.


In the Philippines, being a single parent is tough—especially in today’s economy. The benefits of the 2000 Solo Parents Welfare Act make it somewhat easier: solo parents are eligible for discounts on groceries and free tuition as well as housing assistance.

However, in order to get the benefits listed above, you must first obtain a Solo Parent ID from the Department of Social Welfare and Development. The process is simple and only takes a few minutes, so apply today!